User Tools

Site Tools


magnetism_of_chemical_elements

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Both sides previous revision Previous revision
magnetism_of_chemical_elements [2021/10/21 14:23]
stan_zurek
magnetism_of_chemical_elements [2021/10/21 14:34] (current)
stan_zurek
Line 4: Line 4:
 | //[[user/Stan Zurek]], Magnetism of chemical elements, Encyclopedia Magnetica// \\ https://E-Magnetica.pl/magnetism_of_chemical_elements | | //[[user/Stan Zurek]], Magnetism of chemical elements, Encyclopedia Magnetica// \\ https://E-Magnetica.pl/magnetism_of_chemical_elements |
  
-{{page>insert/todo}}+Only three elements are [[ferromagnetic]] at room temperature: [[iron]] Fe, [[cobalt]] Co, and [[nickel]] Ni. Further six are ferromagnetic at lower and very temperatures: [[gadolinium]] Gd, [[terbium]] Tb, [[dysprosium]] Dy, [[holmium]] Ho, [[erbium]] Er, and [[thulium]] Tm. 
  
 +The rest exhibit either [[diamagnetic]] or [[paramagnetic]] properties. [[Antiferromagnets]] such as [[chromium]] Cr are macroscopically indistinguishable from paramagnets. 
  
-===== Chemical elements ===== +Magnetic properties of alloys and chemical compounds strongly depends on the electronic and crystallographic configuration of a given materialBoth metallic alloys and oxides are widely used for such engineering materials as [[electrical steels]] or [[soft ferrites]] as well as [[permanent magnets]].
-Only three elements are ferromagnetic at room temperature: [[iron]], [[cobalt]], and [[nickel]]Further six are ferromagnetic at lower and very temperatures: [[gadolinium]][[terbium]], [[dysprosium]], [[holmium]], [[erbium]], and [[thulium]]. +
  
-The rest exhibit either diamagnetic or paramagnetic properties (antiferromagnets are macroscopically indistinguishable from paramagnets). +It is also possible to obtain ferromagnetic behaviour in compound materials which are not made from ferromagnetic elements. This is the case for example for some Heusler alloys.[(Alabama>[[http://heusleralloys.mint.ua.edu/alloys/|What are Heusler alloys? The University of Alabama]], {accessed 2021-10-21})][(Tumanski>[[https://isbnsearch.org/isbn/9780367864958|Sławomir Tumański, Handbook of magnetic measurements, CRC Press / Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, FL, 2011, ISBN 9780367864958]])]
  
 <box 100% left #f0f0f0> <box 100% left #f0f0f0>
Line 17: Line 17:
 {{page>insert/by_SZ}} {{page>insert/by_SZ}}
 </box> </box>
- 
  
 {{page>insert/periodic_table}} {{page>insert/periodic_table}}
magnetism_of_chemical_elements.txt · Last modified: 2021/10/21 14:34 by stan_zurek

Disclaimer: This website is provided only for educational purposes. In no event the providers can be held liable to any party for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages arising out of the use of this information.
Privacy and cookie policy (GDPR, etc.)